Islands of Hawaii - Missionary Stations

While the "Sandwich Islands" were missionary ground, eighteen missionary stations were successively chosen and occupied. There were many other preaching stations some of great importance which were not the residences of missionaries. The following enumeration of stations begins at the north-west end of the group, and gives some characteristics of each place.

  • Waimea: S. W. capital city, at the mouth of Waimea river; warm, dry, and sheltered from the trade wind.
  • Koloa: S. E. waterbrooks; trade wind; soil, rocky but fertile.
  • Waioli: N. on Waioli river and Hanalei bay; abundant rains; perennially verdant.
  • Honolulu: S. capital city and commercial center; trade wind; dry at shore.
  • Punahou: site of boarding school for missionaries' children, 2 miles E. of Honolulu.
  • Ewa: C. 12 miles from Honolulu; a dry district but rich in food.
  • Waialua: N.W. at mouth of river; the port of a large grazing and farming district.
  • Kaneohe: N.E. well watered and rich; only 10 miles from Honolulu, but separated by the barrier of the "Pali."
  • Kaluaaha: S. E. strong trade winds; no running water.
  • Lahaina: W. capital city, 88 miles from Honolulu; sheltered and warm; water brooks, though a dry district.
  • Lahainaluna: site of Boys' High School and Seminary; 2 miles E. of Lahaina.
  • Wailuku: C. trade wind; abundant water; a rich food district.
  • Makawao: C. 7 miles from the sea; elevated and cool; a rich farming and grazing district.
  • Hana: E. an isolated district: strong trade winds; rainy.
  • Kailua: W. capital city: sheltered, warm, rocky, dry; having good fishing privileges; rich upland.
  • Kaawaloa: W. the scene of Capt. Cook's death; 12 miles S. of Kailua, and having the same characteristics.
  • Napoopoo: on the opposite or S. side of Kealakekua bay, was, later, a missionary residence and church site.
  • Waimea: C. 12 miles from the sea and 2600 ft. above it; having a breezy and bracing climate.
  • Kohala: N. 7 miles from N.W. point of the island; trade wind and abundant water.
  • Hilo: E. the center of a well watered and fertile district of great extent.
  • Waiohinu: S. possesses the only living stream of the S.W. half of the island.